British intelligence chief: Russian army ‘exhausted’ and Putin’s rule ‘flawed’

LONDON – The UK’s head of general intelligence warned in a rare public address on Tuesday that Russian forces in Ukraine were exhausted and “exhausted” – and that President Vladimir Putin was making “strategic errors of judgment”.

The assessment comes from Jeremy Fleming, head of the secretive GCHQ, Britain’s intelligence and cyber security agency, after Putin. reservists To bolster his war effort, he announced a “large-scale strike” across Ukraine this week. Rocket attacks hit energy facilities and civilian infrastructure across the country, including in the heart of Kyiv, in response to an explosion over the weekend on the Russian strategy. Crimean bridge.

Russian forces are exhausted. The use of prisoners to boost, and now mobilize tens of thousands of inexperienced recruits, speaks of a desperate situation, Fleming said in a speech to the Royal United Services Research Institute in London.

“Far from the inevitable Russian military victory unleashed by their propaganda machine, Ukraine’s brave action on the battlefield and in cyberspace is clearly turning the tide,” Fleming added.

The Ukrainian army launched a successful counterattack With the help of western weaponsand the restoration of swaths of lands that were under the control of Russian forces.

Ukraine war at turning point with rapid escalation of conflict

Fleming said that “Putin’s decision-making process has proven flawed,” and he has “little effective internal challenge” from Russia’s military and political elite.

“We know – and the Russian leaders on the ground know – that they are running out of supplies and ammunition,” he said.

It became the British Ministry of Defense daily source More information since Russia’s invasion of its neighbor in February, which has led to frequent small-scale updates on social media analyzing Moscow’s military strategy and war effort.

Move to be more transparent with intelligence It follows a strategically unusual decision by Western intelligence agencies, including american intelligence community, To publicly share information about Putin’s plans — even though it was ultimately not enough to deter an invasion.

By speaking, Fleming Tell In a BBC interview early Tuesday, his agency hopes to “shed light on the threat” and encourage public confidence. He warned that the UK is not canceling the threat from Russia. He said that the past 24 hours have proven that Moscow still possesses a “very capable military machine,” referring to hits on dozens Ukrainian cities Monday.

However, he added, Russia is short on munitions and troops, and “certainly lacks friends.”

Putin announced last month a Partial military mobilization As many as 300,000 reservists for what he still calls Russia’s “special military operation” in Ukraine. The decision stirred up the public panicleading to thousands of qualified men fleeing to the border and rushing into flights to avoid being called up to be deployed to the front lines.

Fleming said the Russians “see how badly Putin has judged the situation.” They flee conscription, realizing that they can no longer travel. They know that their access to modern technologies and external influences will be greatly restricted. And they feel the horrific human cost of his chosen war.”

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A little over a month after the war began, Fleming warned That the Russian soldiers were low in morale and weapons, at times refused orders and sabotaged their own equipment – painted a picture of chaos on the front lines of Russia even then.

In the wake of the weekend attack on the Crimean Bridge, Moscow responded on Monday with a wave of strikes targeting parks, stadiums and downtown areas far from the front lines, sparking outrage and killing at least 19 people, according to Ukrainian authorities.

However, Putin’s supporters welcomed the strikes. Viktor Bondarev, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Senate of the Russian Parliament. Call Monday’s strikes marked the beginning of a “new phase” and promised more “resolute” action in the future.

Fleming also warned of Russia’s threats to use nuclear weapons Reversing its losses in Ukraine is “extremely dangerous” and could lead to a “disaster”. However, he stressed that so far there are no indications of their spread, and Putin “remained within the framework of the principle of their use.”

This is consistent with the views of US officials who Say They think it is unlikely that Putin will carry out his threats. President Biden however warned Last week, Putin said he was “not joking” and called his nuclear threats the most dangerous “possibility of Armageddon” in 60 years.

Strikes on Ukraine increase pressure on allies to send forward air defense

The UK has three main intelligence services: MI6, the Foreign Intelligence Service, made famous by the fictional spies James Bond and George Smiley. MI5, local agency; and Government Communications Headquarters, known as GCHQ, the eavesdropping service. The entire intelligence community famous secretive.

Fleming also spoke more broadly about global threats to security on Tuesday, targeting China’s attempt to spread its influence through it. Science and Technology.

Fleming, saying this could be a “sliding door moment in history,” accused China’s ruling Communist Party of seeking to create “puppet economies and governments”. He said China aims to bring countries into its sphere of influence by encouraging them to buy Chinese technology and bear what he called “hidden costs”.

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