Climate reforms are moral but not the best reform: the climate world

Displaced people in flood waters after heavy monsoon rains in Usta Muhammad city, in Jafarabad district of Balochistan province, on September 18, 2022. 33 million people have been affected by floods in Pakistan, which began with the arrival of the monsoon in late June.

Fida Hussein | Afp | Getty Images

Calls for climate reparations for poor countries hard hit by climate change are Louder after disastrous floods in Pakistan. One climate scientist said, while it may be ethical, it’s not the best solution to a complex problem.

“[Climate reparations are] Frederic Otto, a climate scientist at Oxford University said, “The moral thing to do is, but a more equitable world is better able to solve the complex crises we are dealing with. If all parts of society are involved in decision-making, everyone will ultimately be better off.” .

Floods in Pakistan killed nearly 1,700 people Until now. It also resulted in at least $30 billion in economic lossesAccording to government estimates.

33 million people have been affected by the floods, which began with the arrival of the monsoon in late June, and was caused in part by melting glaciers. More than a third of the country is under water.

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Not a direct solution

Climate offset refers to the monetary compensation given by the world’s largest emitter to developing countries that bear the brunt of climate change.

However, although climate compensation appears to be a relatively straightforward solution, its implementation is not, Otto said.

She said there should be assurance that the money will directly benefit those who have suffered losses. At the same time, she added, for climate offsets to work, there must be a formal classification of weather events, climate and natural hazards.

UN says floods in Pakistan
Pakistan struggles in wake of historic floods

United Nations representative Urge rich countries to consider debt relief and debt swaps as a tool to mitigate the financial costs incurred by the affected countries. “Countries that have debts to countries affected by climate change can relieve this debt in exchange for countries that invest in climate adaptation measures,” he said.

Andrew King, a senior lecturer at the University of Melbourne, is another proponent of climate offsets. He said it was “unfair” that countries that contributed little to the problems of climate change should bear the brunt of its impact.

He told CNBC that such countries have “less resilience” to climate change and are less resilient to current extremes, so support is needed to ease the burden they face.

There will be more Pakistanis

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Is there a better way forward?

But Otto said the “most important readiness” was for vulnerable countries to invest in social security, health care and education.

She said that while developed countries are partly responsible for climate change, local authorities in vulnerable countries also have a responsibility to provide appropriate planning and education on appropriate responses to early warnings of climate events.

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