NCDA: Investing in NCDA’s Cost-Effective Policies Now, Can Save Lives and Money Later

Amber Huett-Garcia has been obese since she was in first grade.

“Now into adulthood, despite having lowered my BMI from 69 to 24 (245 lbs. lost), I still carry the exorbitant diagnosis of obesity,” she wrote in a recent interview. Articles of the Non-Communicable Diseases Alliance (NCD Alliance). “I’ve used drug therapy, surgical interventions, mental health care, and more to achieve the combination of treatment needed to maintain a healthy body weight, but not without cost.”

Globally, more than 650 million people are obese. It is a non-communicable disease that develops over time without medical intervention and lifestyle changes. For many, access to affordable medical care does not exist.

The coalition said non-communicable diseases have become a major issue of social justice in the 21st century. It pushes poor families further into poverty and prevents developing countries from achieving strong and sustainable economies.

This week the NCD Alliance will host the annual conference world work week on non-communicable diseases, including ‘Investing in Protection’ virtual event On September 8, the conference will open with remarks from WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, now WHO Ambassador for Non-Communicable Diseases and Injuries.

Global Week of Action on Non-communicable Diseases aims to deliver a message to governments, donors, international agencies and the private sector: Invest in non-communicable diseases today, save lives and money tomorrow. Funding for non-communicable diseases has stagnated at a whopping 1% to 2% of development assistance for health for two decades, causing many deaths and pushing millions into extreme poverty due to health care costs and disability.

“Many non-communicable diseases can be prevented with a range of cost-effective interventions,” explained Katie Dayne, executive director of the Noncommunicable Diseases Alliance. “We have the solutions, the tools, and we have the know-how to prevent and treat non-communicable diseases. What we need is the political will at the highest level.”

Non-communicable diseases kill 41 million people annually

Non-communicable diseases account for seven of the top 10 causes of death worldwide, resulting in 41 million deaths and 74% of all deaths worldwide. The number, according to the Non-Communicable Diseases Alliance, is expected to rise to 52 million people annually by 2030.

These killer diseases are cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, mental health, neurological conditions, and chronic kidney disease.

For perspective: In 2020, about 1.5 million people died from tuberculosis, 627,000 from malaria and 680,000 from HIV/AIDS.

Moreover, although it has hit every person and every country, like Garcia, who lives in the United States, the burden on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is much greater. In those countries, it is estimated that more than 85% of premature deaths between the ages of 30 and 70 are caused by non-communicable diseases.

COVID-19 has highlighted the challenges of non-communicable diseases, with 60% to 90% of the more than six million COVID deaths being people living with one or more non-communicable diseases. It is also likely to exacerbate the burden of non-communicable diseases due to lack of diagnosis and treatment.

For example, a recent report It showed that for every week of lockdown, an estimated 2,300 cancer cases were not diagnosed. In low- and middle-income countries, the coalition predicted the situation would likely be worse, as these countries had very high levels of undiagnosed non-communicable diseases prior to the outbreak.

“Extensive changes, including legislation, were made within weeks to protect the public from COVID-19,” Dane said. “We need the same urgency to stop the morbidity and premature mortality caused by non-communicable diseases.”

Non-communicable diseases are expected to cost the developing world $7 trillion between 2011 and 2030

Non-communicable diseases cost global GDP losses between 3.5% and 5.9%. The coalition predicted that it would cost $7 trillion in losses to the developing world over the 2011-2030 period.

It is estimated that only the five leading non-communicable diseases cost the world more than $2 trillion annually.

But beyond dollar signs, it also costs human capital – in the short term by taking millions of lives and in the long term by causing disabilities that keep people from their jobs.

Non-communicable diseases account for 80% of years of living with a disability, according to a report from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. else ReportThis study by the World Health Organization found that heart disease, diabetes, stroke, lung cancer and COPD were collectively responsible for the loss of nearly 100 million more years of healthy life in 2019 compared to 2000.

What are actually non-communicable diseases? This infographic revisits all the basics to solidify your knowledge.

The ‘best buy’ could save 10 million lives

In 2015, the World Health Organization launched a series of “Sustainable Development Goals” (SDGs), in which member states pledged, among other things, to health and well-being for all. Item 3.4 calls for the world to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by a third by 2030.

According to experts, including a report published by The Lancet, although very few efforts have been made so far, if states start now, this goal can still be achieved.

The NCD Alliance explained in its latest report: “All countries – especially low- and middle-income countries – can achieve or come close to achieving SDG 3.4, saving 39 million lives by 2030, by providing a cost-effective package interventions for the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. Policy Summary.

The necessary steps were outlined in 2017 by the World Health Organization in a series of what it calls “The best you can buyA set of 16 interventions that prevent and manage non-communicable diseases at an unprecedented return on investment. These include steps to reduce tobacco and alcohol use, improve unhealthy diets and increase physical exercise, as well as plans to manage cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer I dont know.

Implementing the best buys in low- and middle-income countries would translate into saving 10 million people from heart disease and stroke, for example. It would also add 50 million years of healthy living.

Moreover, in financial terms, the Lancet NCD countdown to 2030 showed that implementing this reform package would cost an average of $18 billion annually between 2023 and 2030, but would yield an average net economic benefit of $2.7 trillion. .

“Unless countries meet their commitments to reduce deaths from non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, we will take care of a significant portion of the world’s population that suffers from chronic diseases,” Dane said. Most of this preventable suffering, disease and death will be among the people who live in poor communities. We can avoid this future scenario by investing in cost-effective policies now.”

Dane added that “preserving citizens’ health from preventable non-communicable diseases is not only about the government’s choice to invest in health, it is an investment in a country’s economic stability and security, and in its preparedness to face epidemics.”

Image credits: Infectious Diseases AllianceAnd the NCD Alliance.

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