Want to reverse diabetes? Reduce carbs to 55 percent, and increase protein to 20 percent, says ICMR

If you have prediabetes, just cut back on rice and roti and increase your protein intake. This way you can stop and even reverse type 2 diabetes if you’re newly diagnosed, according to the nation’s largest ongoing study of the disease. She recommends reducing carbohydrate intake to about 50-55 percent of daily energy intake and increasing protein intake to 20 percent.

The latest report from the Indian Council of Medical Research – Diabetes in India (ICMR-INDIAB) is based on a detailed study of the total nutrient consumption pattern of 18,090 individuals, or one in six of the 1.1 thousand people enrolled in the study. Then mathematical modeling was used to determine the optimal consumption pattern.

Diet is the best medicine

“The burden of diabetes in India is increasing rapidly; we currently have 74 million people with diabetes and another 80 million with diabetes. Also, pre-diabetes patients are converting very quickly to diabetes. It is estimated that India will have 135 million patients. One of the main driving factors is the very high carbohydrate consumption among our population, said Dr. V. Mohan, head of the Dr. Mohan Specialist Center for Diabetes and one of the study’s authors – which would almost double in the next 20 years or so.

He said, “About 60 to 75 percent of our total calories are in the form of carbohydrates and only 10 percent are proteins. We have shown in several earlier studies that excessive consumption of white rice increases the risk of diabetes. Wheat is just as much Now, if a person is able to slightly reduce carbohydrate consumption to 50 to 55 percent, say three eats instead of four and increase protein intake – preferably vegetable protein; fish and chicken are also beneficial, but not red meat – then it can be There is remission in diabetes.”

Diet ratio for diabetes remission

The optimal nutritional requirements for remission of newly diagnosed diabetes were found to be carbohydrates accounting for 49 to 54 percent of energy intake, proteins 19 to 20 percent, fats 21 to 26 percent and dietary fiber 5 to 6 percent. Women need to reduce their carbohydrate consumption about 2% more than men to achieve the same results. Similarly, older individuals had to reduce their carbohydrate intake by one percent more and increase their protein intake by one percent more than younger adults.

For recovery from pre-diabetes, recommendations were 50 to 56 percent carbohydrates, 18 to 20 percent protein, 21 to 27 percent fat, and three to five percent dietary fiber. Physically inactive individuals were recommended a four percent greater reduction in carbohydrates compared to active individuals.

Perfect food dish

So what would the perfect dish look like? Dr. Mohan says, “Vegetables, not starches like potatoes, should make up half of the plate. It could be any green leafy vegetables, beans, cabbage, or cauliflower; they can be changed every day. A quarter of the plate should be protein like fish, chicken, or Soybeans. The other quarter should make up a small amount of rice or a maximum of one or two Chapatis.”

Why this study is different from others, according to Dr. Mohan, is that recommendations ask people to reduce their carbohydrate intake by a small amount. “There are many trials that have shown that a sharp reduction in calories, such as consuming 800 calories or completely eliminating carbohydrates, has shown rapid weight loss and reversal of diabetes. These results are valid but the method is not sustainable.”

Dr. Anjana Mohan is the lead author of the study while Dr. Seshadri Srinivasan of Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education worked on the mathematical model of the study. The study was recently published in the journal Diabetes Care.

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